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Absolute

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EnglishModificar

Wikipedia

EtymologyModificar

Latin absolūtus (unconditional), perfect passive participle of absolvō (loosen, free; complete). Compare French absolu. See absolve.

PronunciationModificar

AdjectiveModificar

Absolute (comparative more absolute or (rarely) absoluter, superlative most absolute or (rarely) absolutest)

Positive
Absolute

Comparative
more absolute or (rarely) absoluter

Superlative
most absolute or (rarely) absolutest

  1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command.
    • 1962, Hannah Arendt, On Revolution, (1990), page 155
      [T]he more absolute the ruler, the more absolute the revolution will be which replaces him.
  2. Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless.
    absolute perfection
    absolute beauty
    • So absolute she seems, And in herself complete. —John Milton
  3. Viewed apart from modifying influences or without comparison with other objects; actual; real; — opposed to relative and Patrono:Compar; as, absolute motion; absolute time or space.
    Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man in a state of nature as contradistinguished from relative rights and duties, or such as pertain to him in his social relations.
  4. Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
    Note: In this sense God is called the Absolute by the theist. The term is also applied by the pantheist to the universe, or the total of all existence, as only capable of relations in its parts to each other and to the whole, and as dependent for its existence and its phenomena on its mutually depending forces and their laws.
  5. Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone; unconditioned; non-relative.
    Note: It is in dispute among philosophers whether the term, in this sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction or abstraction, or whether the absolute, as thus defined, can be known, as a reality, by the human intellect.
    • To Cusa we can indeed articulately trace, word and thing, the recent philosophy of the absolute. —William Hamilton
  6. (rare) Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful.
    • I am absolute ’t was very Cloten. —Shakespeare, Cymbeline, IV,ii
  7. (rare) Authoritative; peremptory.
  8. (chemistry) Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
  9. (grammar) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of the sentence in government; as, the case absolute. (See ablative absolute.)

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

NounModificar

Singular
Absolute

Plural
Absolutes

Absolute (plural Absolutes)
  1. That which is independent of context-dependent interpretation, inviolate, fundamental.
    • moral absolutes
  2. Patrono:Geometry In a plane, the two imaginary circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle at infinity.

TranslationsModificar

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

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DutchModificar

AdjectiveModificar

absolute

  1. Patrono:Nl-adj-inflected

EsperantoModificar

PronunciationModificar

  • IPA: /apsoˈlute/

AdverbModificar

Patrono:Eo-adv

  1. absolutely

LatinModificar

EtymologyModificar

From absolūtus (complete, finished).

AdverbModificar

absolūtē (comparative absolūtius, superlative absolūtissimē)
  1. absolutely, completely, fully

Related termsModificar

ReferencesModificar

  • Absolute” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879

ar:absolute be:absolute et:absolute el:absolute es:absolute fa:absolute fr:absolute gl:absolute io:absolute id:absolute it:absolute kn:absolute lo:absolute la:absolute lt:absolute hu:absolute ml:absolute nl:absolute ja:absolute pl:absolute pt:absolute ru:absolute simple:absolute fi:absolute sv:absolute ta:absolute te:absolute th:absolute chr:absolute tr:absolute uk:absolute vi:absolute vo:absolute zh:absolute

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