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See also -if, and IF


Most common English words: no « them « when « #51: if » there » more » out


Middle English yif, yef from Old English ġif.




  1. Supposing that, assuming that, in the circumstances that; used to introduce a condition or choice.
    If it rains, I will get wet.
  2. Supposing that; used with past subjunctive indicating that the condition is not fulfilled.
    I'd prefer it if you took your shoes off.
  3. Although; used to introduce a concession.
    He was a great friend, if a little stingy at the bar.
  4. (computing) In the event that a statement is true (a programming statement that acts in a similar manner).
    If A, then B, else C.
  5. Patrono:Proscribed Whether; used to introducing a noun clause as the object of certain verbs.
    I don't know if I want to go or not.

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If (plural Ifs)
  1. An if clause representing a condition; a protasis introduced by if.
    • 1709, Susannah Centlivre, The Busy Body, Act III, in John Bell (ed.), British Theater, J. Bell (1791), page 59,
      Sir Fran. Nay, but Chargy, if——— ¶ Miran. Nay, Gardy, no Ifs.——Have I refus'd three northern lords, two British peers, and half a score knights, to have put in your Ifs?
    • 1791 January, "Richardſon’s Chemical Principles of the Metallic Arts", in The Monthly Review, R. Griffiths, page 176,
      Well might Bergman add, (in his Scicgraphia,), “if</small> the compariſon that has been made, &c. be juſt.” The preſent writer makes no ifs about the matter, and has ſuperadded a little inaccuracy of his own, […]

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From Old French iv, ivo (yew, yew tree) and Medieval Latin ivus, both of Patrono:Gem[[Category:fr:Patrono:Gem derivations|If]] origin, such as Patrono:Frk[[Category:fr:Patrono:Frk derivations|If]] *īwa, [[iwo#Patrono:Frk|īwo]] (compare Old High German īwa, Old English īw) from Proto-Germanic *iwa-, iwo- (yew) from Proto-Indo-European *ei-wo-. Akin to Old Norse ȳr (yew), Irish eo, Patrono:Cy [[ywen#Patrono:Cy|ywen]], Patrono:Rus [[ива#Patrono:Ru|ива]] (íva), willow). More at yew, Yves, Yvonne.



If m. (plural Ifs)

  1. yewar:if

zh-min-nan:if da:if de:if et:if el:if es:if fr:if gd:if gl:if ko:if hr:if io:if it:if kk:if ku:if la:if li:if hu:if ml:if my:if nl:if ja:if no:if pa:if pl:if pt:if ro:if ru:if simple:if fi:if sv:if ta:if te:if th:if tr:if vi:if vo:if zh:if

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